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Throat ChakraThe anatomy and physiology of the throat chakra aka Vishuddha are associated with those of the endocrine system.

The endocrine system is an interdependent system of endocrine glands, which secrete various different hormones in the bloodstream keeping the body function in an optimally balanced way.

There are seven of these glands producing chemicals called hormones. Many of them form combinative axes signaling one another in sequence.

Typical endocrine glands are the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, and adrenal gland. Others are named pineal gland, pancreas, ovaries, and testes. Also thymus is an important gland regulating immune system, though it is not endocrine in its function.

The pituitary gland secretes hormones regulating homeostasis, including tropic hormones that stimulate other glands in the body.

The pineal gland produces the hormone named serotonin derivative melatonin. Serotonin derivative melatonin is a hormone controlling the modulation of wake/sleep patterns of the body and also its seasonal functions.

Throat Chakra DiseasesThe thyroid gland produces thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). This is the main gland that is directly in touch with the throat chakra. Its hormones, i.e., thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) regulate the rate of metabolism as well as affect the growth and function of other body systems.

The adrenal gland produces cortisol and adrenaline through the synthesis of corticosteroids and catecholamines. They are two in number seated on the top of kidneys and the hormones they produce, i.e., cortisol and adrenaline deal with the situations of and under stress in everyday life.

Throat Chakra DiseasesThe pancreas produces hormones including insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin along with pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes. Insulin decreases glucose in blood whereas pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes helps to breakdown the carbohydrates, protein, and fat in the chyme.

Ovaries in females are homologous to testes in males, the former producing estrogen and progesterone whereas the latter produce sperm and testosterone. Estrogen matures and maintains reproductive organs. Progesterone promotes cyclic changes in the endometrium during pregnancy. Testosterone is a well known male sex hormone.

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